What is Manual Therapy?
The spinal column is made up of bones, ligaments, muscles and nerves.
• framework of support
• muscle attachment
• protection of central nervous system
• protection of internal organs
The bones are called vertebra and they have a
hollow center that acts as a conduit for the spinal cord in its path
from the brain to the sacrum. The junction of two vertebra form a window
through which a spinal nerve exits the spine. Motion between them is
enabled by 2 joints and a disc in front and behind.
Misalignments are vertebra that are unable to move correctly. This decreases
flexibility resulting in stiffness and resistance.
Nerve transmission may be altered resulting in decreased synchronization
of muscle contraction and relaxation. This diminished muscle coordination
can decrease performance and damage joints, tendons and cause pain.
The horse may compensate in posture and movement.
Manual Therapy: any procedure during which the hands
are used to palpate, diagnose, mobilize, adjust or manipulate the somatic
(skeletal) or visceral (organ) structures of the body.
There are literally two schools of philosophy and technique: chiropractic
What is Chiropractics?
CHIROPRACTIC treats “subluxations” which does not
mean ‘bone out of place’ but implies:
• vertebral misalignment
• reduced or excessive range of motion
• dysfunction with or without pain
Spinal adjustments seek to restore normal joint motion which in turn
Adjustments are specific for each joint using vectors according to the
angles of the joint facets and:
• controlled and limited force
• high velocity ( as in driving a nail into wood with a hammer)
• minimal leverage (as much direct contact with the bone as
What is Osteopathy?
OSTEOPATHY considers that an osteopathic joint exists where two anatomic
structures meet and that motion tales place between the two.
Osteopathic lesion: mobility restriction in one or more osteopathic
joints results in localized and distant changes in:
• vascularization (blood supply)
• nerve function
• organ function
• skin and muscle structure
What is Acupuncture?
Acupuncture is the stimulation of specific points on the body
which have the ability to alter various biochemical and physiological
conditions in order to achieve a healing effect. It is not a cure-all,
but it works well where indicated and when used alone or in combination
with traditional veterinary medicine.Veterinary acupuncture has been
used to treat animals for nearly 4,000 years in China. In North America
it has been used for decades, in both domestic and exotic animals. Acupuncture
is one of a variety of therapies a veterinarian may use to treat your
© American Academy of Veterinary Acupuncture
American Academy of Veterinary Acupuncture
International Veterinary Acupuncture Society
American Veterinary Chiropractic Association.
Doctors, worldwide, certified in animal chiropractic by
the American Veterinary Chiropractic Association.